The history of Biertan district dates back to 1283 when the peasants of the area formed a union to gain better control over the land they dwelled on. It was the first union of its kind in Transylvania, and it has survived numerous wars and struggles to this day. Biertan district is also noteworthy for its magnificent fortified church, built between 1524 and 1532 by Saxon colonists as a part of a larger, fortified walled village. This church has been a pilgrimage site for Roman Catholic Saxon settlers for centuries and is widely considered one of the most beautiful churches in Romania. The church was also the seat of the Lutheran Bishopric of Transylvania from 1572 to 1867. The district hosts other attractions, such as the Museum of Medieval Anthropology and Natural Technologies, which houses a collection of rare objects from the Middle Ages and a host of historic buildings. Biertan district is not just a tourist destination, but also an important local economic center, producing exquisite hand-made furnishings from local wood and other materials.
Biertan is located is a district (județ) in the Transylvania region of the central part of Romania, in the Sibiu County. It is bordered on the north by the Sibiu County, on the east by Brașov County and Mureș County, on the south by Alba County and on the west by Sibiu County. The district is divided into three sections: Mediaș, Biertan, and Sura Mica. The main settlements in the district are Biertan, Mediaș and Sura Mica. The district is known for its medieval fortified churches, woodworking traditions and its rich history. Biertan is the most famous settlement in the district, due to its UNESCO World Heritage Site fortress-church. The district has a rich cultural and architectural heritage, and has long been a popular tourist destination.
To get to Biertan in the Sibiu region of Romania, you can take either a bus or a train. Buses can be taken from cities around Romania and will take you directly to Biertan. Alternatively, you can take a train to Sibiu and then take a bus or taxi to Biertan. Either way, the journey will take around 5-6 hours.
1. Biertan Fortified Church – This World Heritage-listed fortified church dates back to the 15th century and is one of the best-preserved churches in Transylvania. Its defensive walls and bastions feature seven towers and three gates which are perfect for a leisurely stroll and great photo opportunities.
2. Biertan Art Museum – Located in the former Dominican monastery, this museum is home to the collection of sculptural, art and architectural treasures from the 15th century.
3. Birkenau Ruins – Located in the village of Igris, these ruins are the remains of a castle dating back to the 14th century.
4. The Saxon Cemetery of Sighisoara – This impressive cemetery is home to a number of old Saxon tombs, many of which still display the characteristic decorated crosses of the families whose members are buried here.
5. Miraslau Castle – Another historical ruined castle, this one is located in the nearby village of Miraslau and features a huge gatehouse, a water-filled moat and a Romanesque-style chapel.
1. Biertan Fortified Church – This stunning Gothic complex dates back to the 15th century and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Within its walls lie magnificent frescoes, an impressive bell tower and a fascinating history.
2. Miercurea Sibiului Monastery – Located deep in the Transylvanian forests, this monastery is a must-see. Its Baroque architecture, landscaped meadow, and a unique museum of religious art make this an absolute treasure.
3. Elie Malancea Memorial Museum – Situated in the quaint village of Malancea, this museum is dedicated to the life and work of the Transylvanian composer Elie Malancea. There’s also a shop that sells CDs and other souvenirs.
4. Magura-Rau Saddle – This picturesque mountain pass is renowned for its majestic views, meadows and alpine forests. Stop off here and take a short walk around its many natural features.
5. Lurio Castle – Located near Biertan, this is one of the best-preserved fortified manor houses in Transylvania. Its baroque style and expansive surrounding countryside provide a great photo opportunity.
6. Vita Monastery – This 17th-century monument is traditional in architecture and art. Within it is a beautiful courtyard and a small museum celebrating the history of the region.
7. Prejmer Citadel – This breathtaking medieval fortress occupies an entire village. It is surrounded by high walls and 38 bastions, and is a great place to learn about Transylvanian history.
8. Copsa Mare Resort – Tourists flock to this natural spring lake at 1250m above sea level. It has a sandy beach and activities such as fishing, horse riding and grilling.
Sibiu Biertan district offers a variety of activities for tourists to enjoy. One popular activity is taking a walking tour of the beautiful and well-preserved medieval fortified churches in the area. This is an ideal opportunity to learn more about Romania’s religious, historical, and cultural heritage. Visitors can also enjoy guided tours, visiting local wineries and other attractions. Other activities for visitors include trekking and biking, visiting local craftsmen such as basket weavers, wood carvers, jewelers and potters, and participating in various festivals. Adventure seekers can take part in whitewater rafting on the Olt Valley and enjoy thrilling wildlife and charming villages. For those looking for a more relaxing experience, there is an abundance of spas and thermal baths in the area. Finally, art lovers will be delighted to find a variety of local galleries and museums, such as the Brukenthal Museum and the ASTRA National Museum Complex.